So here’s the thing. We totally get why you’re here on Lasik Singapore Guide.
You wake up and the first thing you do, fumble around for that pair of glasses. Forget the fact that your appearance is at stake here, it’s already a hassle as it is.
It’s a date day, you want to look your best and that geeky glasses just doesn’t cut it. You turn to your ‘trusty’ contacts. But wait! Getting dry eyes due to contacts may be the slightest of your concern, but subjecting your eyes to potential eye infections or corneal abrasion?
You’re all changed and ready to jump into the swimming pool. Half way through your jump in mid-air, you realised that you forgot to remove your contact lens. Shit.
You must be thinking, the aforementioned sounds way too familiar. We told you, we get your pain. It’s unfortunate that we don’t have the best vision but hey, that’s not the end of the world. LASIK, is here to save your day.
So we put together this resource – a one-stop, all-inclusive guide to help you answer all your questions that you have on Lasik Singapore.
As our good friend says, “This is the best investment you’ll ever have”.
What is LASIK?
Lasik Singapore – LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) is the most common type of refractive surgery that is used to treat eye problems such as myopia, hypermetropia and astigmatism. This procedure is performed by a trained medical professional known as an ophthalmologist who will use a laser to reshape the eye’s cornea in order to improve eye vision.
The Eye Vision Problem
So for those of you who needs a more technical explanation, here’s the technical part. Light rays enter our eyes through the cornea. The cornea will in turn help to focus the light rays on the retina at the back of the eye in order to create an image, through a process called refraction. You can think of it as the lens of a camera helping to focus light to create an image. Sometimes, the shape of the cornea and the eye are not in sync, causing the resulting image to be blurred or distorted. This refraction error is what causes the eye vision problems.
For those who need the easy explanation, you have a blurred vision.
These are the three primary vision problems which require eye surgery:
Myopia (short-sightedness) – difficulty seeing distant objects as compared to near objects.
Hyperopia (Far-sightedness) – difficulty seeing near objects as compared to distant objects.
Astigmatism – Vision is blurred due to the problems in the cornea of lens of the eye.
Often, a combination of these vision problems are very common. To correct these vision problems, eye glasses and contact lenses are often worn.
This laser eye surgery thus offers a permanent solution to improve the focusing power of the eye in a procedure called refractive surgery. In Lasik, special lasers are used to reshape the cornea so as to improve vision.
Lasik Surgery Procedure
Step 1: The eye is prepared for Lasik surgery by applying numbing eye drops so as to alleviate any discomfort during the procedure.
Step 2: A thin circular flap of tissue is removed off the surface of the cornea, either with a surgical tool or a femtosecond laser. At this point, small blood vessels in the eye may burst, but this is a harmless side effect which will clear by itself in time (This is why some patients will experience “red eyes”). The flap of tissue on the cornea is folded back to reveal the stroma of the cornea.
Step 3: Excimer laser is then used to treat the eye, removing some corneal tissue.
Step 4: This highly specialised laser uses an ultraviolet light to remove microscopic amounts of tissue from the cornea to reshape it, refocusing light entering the eye for improved vision.
Step 5: The flap of tissue is folded back onto the eye, which will immediately stick to the eyeball. The ophthalmologist will then check for air bubbles or fine debris and treat it if there are any.
Step 6: The flap is then laid back in place, covering the area where the cornea tissue was removed. This will allow the cornea to heal naturally.
This is what the surgery will do to the cornea for the different eye vision problems:
- Myopia – Flatten the cornea.
- Hyperopia – Steeper cornea.
- Astigmatism – smoothing an irregular cornea into a more normal shape.
The LASIK Singapore surgery lasts about 10 – 15 min per eye, and it requires only topical anaesthetic drops with no bandages or stitches required. It is a day surgery and the patient is able to resume normal activities the next day.
Read more here on the entire LASIK Procedure.
Lasik Outcomes – What can you expect?
Laser eye surgery does offer many benefits and can dramatically improve one’s quality of life. The typical results are 20/20 vision or better without (external aids) glasses or contact lenses. This means you can now see clearly without using glasses or lenses. However, results do vary and some people may only achieve 20/40, meaning you still have some form of blurred vision.
Depending on the individual, recovery time will be a few days to several week for the vision to stabilise.
Because this laser eye surgery is an elective procedure, you will be doing surgery on an otherwise healthy eye. For this reason, always consider the fact that you have other non-surgical alternatives such as glasses or contact lenses.
If you do choose to proceed with Lasik, we do have many resources here on Lasik Singapore for you to do your homework.
Is LASIK suitable for me?
You are probably not a good candidate for laser eye surgery if:
- You have had a change in contact lens or glasses prescription in the past year – Your vision will have to be stable before you undergo this procedure.
- This procedure may jeopardise your career – some jobs prohibit lasik.
- You have a disease or are on medications that affects wound healing – Certain medical conditions may prevent proper healing after refractive surgery
- You actively participate in contact sports – Blows to the face and eyes will affect your lasik surgery, therefore should you choose to undergo this procedure, you will have to lay off contact sports for an extended period of time.
Other safety precautions that you should discuss with your doctor if you had a history of:
- Herpes simplex or Herpes zoster (shingles) around the eye area
- Eye diseases such as uveitis/iritis (inflamations of the eye)
- Eye injuries or previous eye surgeries or procedures
- Glaucoma, glaucoma suspect or ocular hypertension
Possible Lasik Side Effects & Complications
Some side effects include:
- Dry eyes
- Sun/Light sensitivity
- Halos and glare around light sources at night
- Double vision
- Cornea Ectasia
- Eye infection
It is also essential to note that your overall health and well-being, as well as eye hygiene affects the risk of eye complications. For example, a person with a disease that affects the body’s normal healing ability such as diabetes are at greater risk of complications. Caring for your eye post-surgery is also crucial as this will seek to reduce risk of infections.
What are the risks of LASIK?
While this procedure has an excellent safety record, like all procedures, there are risks involved. There could be both short term and long term complications. Most can be treated well, but some issues can be more difficult to handle. On very rare occasions do permanent problems occur.
Before you undergo this laser eye surgery, it is key that you weigh the benefits and risks based on your own personal value, and try to avoid being influenced by friends that have had undergone the procedure, or doctors that encourage you to do so.
- Some patients lose vision – Some patients lose certain lines of vision that cannot be corrected with glasses, lens or surgery as a result of this procedure
- You may be over corrected or under corrected – Not all patients will achieve 20/20 vision, and you may require additional treatment.
- Some patients may develop severe dry eye syndrome – As a result of this procedure, your eye may not be able to produce enough tears to keep your eye moist. This will lead to discomfort and vision issues.
- Some patients develop debilitating visual problems – Some patients develop glare, halo or double vision, as well as poor night time vision.
- For some far sighted patients – results may diminish with age.
- Results are generally not as good in patients with large refractive problems – Discuss your expectation with your doctor, and understand that you may still need glasses after surgery.
LASIK Singapore – Different types of LASIK
There are many different types of laser eye surgery in Singapore. There is the Custom LASIK, Epi-Lasik, IntraLase, Wavefront, LASEK and PRK.
Ultimately, there are many lasers on the market, but one is not necessarily “better” than the other. The most suitable laser will depend on your requirements, such as the degree of refraction error, size of your pupils and the thickness of your cornea. Over here at Lasik Singapore, we have just the checklist for you.
>>Read more on the Laser Eye Surgery Singapore Checklist to help you make your decision easier<<
How can I find the right doctor in Singapore for me?
If you plan to do laser eye surgery in Singapore (Lasik Singapore), ensure that you:
- Compare – The level of risk will not only vary from different procedures, but from device to device depending on manufacturer, and from surgeon to surgeon depending on their level of experience with that particular procedure
- Read and be aware – It is important you find out yourself more about the procedure that you plan to undergo, as well as discussing with your doctor his/her successes as well as complications.
- Don’t base your decision solely on cost – Don’t settle for the first eye doctor, clinic or procedure you investigate. Remember that the decisions you decide on your eyes and surgery will affect you for the rest of your life.